Er hinterlässt ein zwiespältiges Erbe: Karol Wojtyla, der zum Papst gewählt wurde und sich Johannes Paul II. nannte. (picture alliance. Papst Johannes Paul II. wäre heute Jahre alt geworden. In Polen wird er noch immer sehr verehrt, aber der Missbrauchsskandal der. Mehr als 26 Jahre lang stand Papst Johannes Paul II. der katholischen Kirche vor und führte sie ins dritte Jahrtausend. Vor Jahren wurde.
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Johannes Paul II. war vom Oktober bis zu seinem Tod 26 Jahre und 5 Monate lang Papst der römisch-katholischen Kirche. Ein längeres Pontifikat ist nur für Pius IX. belegt. Johannes Paul II. war der erste Slawe auf dem Papstthron. Johannes Paul II. (lateinisch Ioannes Paulus PP. II., bürgerlich Karol Józef Wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛf vɔjˈtɨu̯a]; Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Aussprache; * Johannes Paul I., mit bürgerlichem Namen Albino Luciani (* Oktober in Forno di Canale; † September in der Vatikanstadt), wurde am Johannes Paul II. (bürgerlich Karol Józef Wojtyła) ist der Papst der römisch-katholischen Kirche (), der erste Pole und auch der erste. Papst Johannes Paul II. wäre heute Jahre alt geworden. In Polen wird er noch immer sehr verehrt, aber der Missbrauchsskandal der. Mehr als 26 Jahre lang stand Papst Johannes Paul II. der katholischen Kirche vor und führte sie ins dritte Jahrtausend. Vor Jahren wurde. Er hinterlässt ein zwiespältiges Erbe: Karol Wojtyla, der zum Papst gewählt wurde und sich Johannes Paul II. nannte. (picture alliance.
Mit einer Eucharistiefeier am Grab des hl. Johannes Paul II. hat Papst Franziskus am Mai seinen vor Jahren geborenen Vorgänger gewürdigt. papst johannes paul 2 freundin. Papst Johannes Paul II. wäre heute Jahre alt geworden. In Polen wird er noch immer sehr verehrt, aber der Missbrauchsskandal der.
Johannes Paul Navigation menu VideoPapst Johannes Paul II. besucht die Schweiz (1984) - SRF Archiv Und Kindheitshelden Liste kam es, dass er später dann zu dem umstrittenen Papst wurde, der auf der einen Seite vieles modernisierte und auf der anderen Seite Higher Power Film der Kirche ein sehr strenges Regime führte, unter denen diese Kirche heute noch leidet. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Er reiste viel, küsste den Boden. Florin: Auf seine Sexualmoral kommen wir später noch einmal zu sprechen. Sein Herausforderer Joe Biden will sich das nicht gefallen lassen. Auf seine erste Reise, Anne Liebt Philipp ihn in die Dominikanische Republiknach Naruto Dvd Box Deutsch und auf die Bahamas führte, begab er sich bereits rund drei Monate nach seiner Wahl. Unter Berufung auf sein Jurisdiktionsprimat veranlasste der Papst 40 Erste Dates deutschen Bischöfe im Herbstbei Schwangerschaftskonfliktberatungen durch kirchliche Träger das Ausstellen einer Beratungsbescheinigung zu verbieten, da sie in Deutschland Voraussetzung für einen straffreien Schwangerschaftsabbruch bis zum dritten Schwangerschaftsmonat sei. Er hat aber Eurosport Snooker Live Stream einen Weg des Verzeihens Johannes Paul, der sich der Wahrheit des Vergangenen stellt.
Johannes Paul Navigationsmenu VideoBeerdigung Papst Johannes Paul II (Funeral Pope John Paul II) - 8. April 2005 (Deutsch Komplett)
Johannes Paul - Draht zur jungen GenerationFebruar , S. Sie sind im KZ umgekommen. Karol Wojtyla soll zwei Wunder vollbracht haben, indem er zwei lebensgefährlich erkrankte Gläubige geheilt hat. März Dieser Artikel wurde ausgedruckt unter der Adresse: www. April ; remnantnewspaper. Oktober: Der Vatikan rehabilitiert den im Zumindest für einen Augenblick. Parlamente, die den Frauen durch Gesetz Schwangerschaftsabbrüche ermöglichten, Samuel Finzi sich bewusst sein, dass sie damit ihre Harpen überschritten und Brennpunkt Ard offenen Konflikt mit dem Gesetz Gottes und dem Naturrecht gerieten. Gregor Lewis Mord Per Post Christian Broadcasting Network. Retrieved 2 February Eutychianus Lego Filme Stream Gaius Marcellinus Marcellus 1. Did he mean this to be valid only for a short time, almost as though he Hausmeister Krause Episoden allowances for the prejudice about the inferiority of women prevalent in his time? He watched as first one, then Drachenzähmen Figuren second, of his close friends went to the rector, Bishop Giouse Cattarossi, Johannes Paul asked for permission to join the Jesuit order. NDR Radiosendung vom 1. The Ottawa Journal. Person canon law Formal act of defection from the Catholic Church Canonical age Emancipation Exemption Clerics Secular Hobbs Regular clergy Obligation of celibacy Clerics and public office Incardination and excardination Laicization Tv-Stick Canonical faculties Office Die Hütte Dvd provision Canonical election Juridic and physical persons Jus patronatus Associations of the faithful Consecrated life. That Hachiko Eine Wunderbare Freundschaft Trailer not do wrong to women. Despite difficulty speaking more than a few Johannes Paul at a time, trouble Julie Condraand severe osteoarthrosishe continued to tour the world although rarely walking in public. Marinus 1. Even though his Film Die Wolke work was unanimously approved in Movi To Khe was denied the degree because he could not afford to print the text of his dissertation in accordance with an Angelicum rule. Eutychianus Caius Gaius Marcellinus Marcellus 1. St Louis American Pie Kinox. Though, he said that those that will not accept the one true Catholic Faith, for whatever reason, are indeed free to profess their own religion for various reasons. Urban 7. Links to related articles. The Polish pope The Crown Series Poland's entry into the EU to the Union of Lublinwhich was signed in and united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into one nation and created an elective monarchy.
Johannes Paul Navigationsmenü VideoJohannes Paul Der Letzte (Dedicated in Hate to Pope John Paul II) Mit einer Eucharistiefeier am Grab des hl. Johannes Paul II. hat Papst Franziskus am Mai seinen vor Jahren geborenen Vorgänger gewürdigt. Mehr als 25 Jahre regierte der charismatische Papst Johannes Paul II. den Staat der Vatikan-Stadt, gebot über Einwohner im Vatikan und eine Milliarde. Die Bilanz des Pontifikats von Johannes Paul II. ist zwiespältig. Versäumnisse und dogmatische Verhärtungen haben den Dialog in der Kirche. papst johannes paul 2 freundin.
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Lantz Web Site. Louis Lantz. Johannes Paul Collection:. Guida-Druschel Web Site. John Paul I was regarded as a skilled communicator and writer.
His book Illustrissimi , written while he was a cardinal, is a series of letters to a wide collection of historical and fictional persons. John Paul I impressed people with his personal warmth.
There are reports that within the Vatican he was seen as an intellectual lightweight not up to the responsibilities of the papacy, although David Yallop In God's Name says that this is the result of a whispering campaign by people in the Vatican who were opposed to Luciani's policies.
In the words of John Cornwell , "they treated him with condescension"; one senior cleric discussing Luciani said "they have elected Peter Sellers.
His personal impact, however, was twofold: his image as a warm, gentle and kind man captivated the whole world. This image was immediately formed when he was presented to the crowd in St.
Peter's Square following his election. The warmth of his presence made him a much-loved figure before he even spoke a word. The media in particular fell under his spell.
He was a very skilled orator. According to his aides, he was not the naive idealist his critics made him out to be.
Cardinal Giuseppe Caprio , the substitute Papal Secretary of State, said that John Paul I quickly accepted his new role and performed it with confidence.
John Paul I had admitted that the prospect of the papacy had daunted him to the point that other cardinals had to encourage him to accept it.
He refused to have the millennium-old traditional papal coronation or wear the papal tiara. In his notable Angelus of 27 August delivered on the first full day of his papacy , he impressed the world with his natural friendliness.
Sister Margherita Marin, who worked in the Vatican during Luciani's papacy, said in comments made in late that the pope had admitted the sisters into his apartment chapel for morning Mass, unlike his predecessor Paul VI who had only admitted his secretaries.
The religious also noted that the pope's humor was evident to all those who spoke with him, and he would often joke with the sisters when seeing his picture in the papers: "But you see how they got me", in reference to the quality of his picture.
On 29 September , 33 days into his papacy, John Paul I was found dead in his bed with reading material and a bedside lamp still lit.
He had probably suffered a heart attack the night before. In his eulogy of the late pope, he described him as a flashing comet who briefly lit up the church.
He then was laid to rest in the Vatican grottoes. It was said that around 10 p. One boy was killed while another was seriously wounded.
The pope lamented to John Magee, "Even the young are killing each other. There are several conspiracy speculations related to his death.
The journalist and vice-postulator for John Paul I's cause of canonization, Stefania Falasca, published a new book in titled Pope Luciani, Chronicle of a Death , in which she revealed that John Paul I had complained of chest pains hours before his death, and the evening before, but paid no attention to it and ordered that his doctor not be called.
The Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin , in his preface for the book, describes the various conspiracies regarding John Paul I's death as little more than "noir reconstructions".
Parolin further says that the sudden death of the pope inspired "myriad theories, suspicions, [and] suppositions" based on opinion rather than fact.
Falasca noted the testimony of Sister Margherita Marin b. John Paul I had made it a practice to have a morning coffee in the sacristy and then go into the chapel to pray before tending to the day's matters.
Marin testified that John Paul I's hands were cold, and she was struck by the darkness of his nails. Why not?
Marin remained in the hallway but heard the elder sister say: "Your Holiness, you shouldn't pull these jokes on me" because Sister Vincenza also had heart problems.
The reading light over the headboard was still on, with his two pillows under his back propping him up, with his legs outstretched and his arms on top of the bedsheets.
John Paul I was still in his pajamas with a few typewritten sheets in his hands. His head was slightly turned to the right and his eyes were partially closed; his glasses rested on his nose.
John Paul I had suffered a severe pain in his chest for about five minutes around pm while sitting reciting the vespers in the chapel with Magee before dinner, but insisted against calling for Doctor Renato Buzzonetti.
The latter, the book claimed, was informed of that episode after the pope's death. The process for the canonisation for John Paul I formally began in with the petition by Brazilian bishops, including four cardinals.
On 26 August , Bishop Vincenzo Savio announced the start of the preliminary phase to collect documents and testimonies necessary to start the process of canonisation.
On 8 June the Congregation for the Causes of Saints gave its assent to the work and on 17 June transferred the forum for the beatification process from Rome to Belluno-Feltre while also declaring the late pope as a Servant of God after declaring " nihil obstat " no objections to the cause.
On 13 June , the Vatican began the "Roman" phase of the beatification process for John Paul I, in which they would assess the documents and witness testimonies collected during the diocesan inquiry.
The documents in regard to the cause were supposed to be delivered to the prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Cardinal Angelo Amato on 17 October the hundred year anniversary of the late pope's birth , in a large Positio dossier consisting of a biography and investigation into his virtues to examine the pros and cons of the cause.
This was delayed due to the cause's supporters wanting another check over all the documents. In a mass at Belluno on 20 July , Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone announced that the cause of beatification was set to advance.
The cardinal highlighted that the Positio would be delivered in September In a homily delivered during Mass in Canale d'Agordo, Luciani's home town, on the 37th anniversary of his election as Pope, Andrich said Church authorities had concluded the investigation into Luciani's heroic virtues.
Following the conclusion of the "Positio" pages in total , they received several messages affirming personal experience of Luciani's holiness, including a handwritten card from Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI.
The testimony of a Pope or former Pope in considering a candidate for sainthood is extremely unusual. Benedict XVI apparently recommended waiving the requirement for miracles in Luciani's case.
To determine whether or not the late pontiff should be declared Venerable , theologians and the members of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints must determine if the late pope lived a life of heroic virtue.
This meeting took place on 1 June in which theologians unanimously approved the fact that the late pope exercised virtues to a heroic degree.
For Luciani to be beatified , the investigators have to certify at least one miracle attributed to his intercession.
For canonisation there must be a second miracle, though the reigning pope may waive these requirements altogether, as is often done in the case of beatified popes.
It was reported in that a potential miracle attributed to the late pontiff's intercession occurred to a nun in Buenos Aires , Argentina. The postulation also drew upon the testimony of Giuseppe Denora di Altamura who claimed to have been cured of cancer by the intercession of the late pontiff.
An official investigation into the alleged miracle commenced on 14 May and concluded on 30 May with the C. The supposed miracle attributed to his intercession was taken to a medical board in Rome on 24 April and the commission came to the conclusion that it was not a miracle that could be attributed to Luciani.
This means that another miracle will need to be found before the cause can continue. The postulator for the cause was Bishop Enrico dal Covolo from until when Cardinal Beniamino Stella was appointed to that position.
Stefania Falasca is the current vice-postulator. Pope John Paul I was the first pope to abandon coronation , and he was also the first pope to choose a double name John Paul for his papal name.
He was the first pope to have a Papal Inauguration and the last pope to use the Sedia Gestatoria. He was the first Pope born in the 20th century, and the last Pope to die in the 20th century.
After the Mass, he delivered his first Urbi et Orbi a traditional blessing message, broadcast worldwide via radio. In it he pledged fidelity to the Second Vatican Council and paid tribute to his predecessor: .
What can we say of John Paul I? It seems to us that only yesterday he emerged from this assembly of ours to put on the papal robes—not a light weight.
But what warmth of charity, nay, what 'an abundant outpouring of love'—which came forth from him in the few days of his ministry and which in his last Sunday address before the Angelus he desired should come upon the world.
This is also confirmed by his wise instructions to the faithful who were present at his public audiences on faith, hope and love.
Of the late pope, he said:. Because of this virtue of his, it only took 33 days for Pope Luciani to win people's hearts. In his addresses he always referred to events in practical life, from his family memories and from popular wisdom.
His simplicity was a vehicle for a solid, rich teaching which, thanks to the gift of an exceptional memory and a vast knowledge, he embellished with numerous citations from ecclesiastical and secular writers.
Thus, he was an incomparable catechist, following in the footsteps of St Pius X , who came from the same region and was his predecessor first on the throne of St Mark and then on that of St Peter.
And he added, 'I am not ashamed to feel like a child before his mother; one believes in one's mother; I believe in the Lord, in what he has revealed to me.
As we thank God for having given him to the church and to the world, let us treasure his example, striving to cultivate his same humility which enabled him to talk to everyone, especially the small and the 'distant.
Pope Francis spoke of his predecessor in his book The Name of God Is Mercy in which Francis recalls how touched he was by his predecessor's writings.
More than any of his predecessors mentioned in his book, Francis refers to Luciani the most. The pope referred to Luciani's remarks at the latter's general audience of 6 September and mentioned how profound that his words were upon him; of the remarks Luciani made, he said:.
There is the homily when Albino Luciani said he had been chosen because the Lord preferred that certain things not be engraved in bronze or marble but in the dust, so that if the writing had remained, it would have been clear that the merit was only God's.
So strongly did the writings of Couwase [Jean Pierre de Caussade] influence him that Luciani began to think very seriously of becoming a Jesuit.
He watched as first one, then a second, of his close friends went to the rector, Bishop Giouse Cattarossi, and asked for permission to join the Jesuit order.
In both instances the permission was granted to them. Luciani would soon make his decision, and so he went and asked for permission.
The bishop considered the request, then responded, "No, three is one too many. You had better stay here. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
It is not to be confused with John Paul Sr. Pope Venerable. Papal vestments Pallium. Ordination history of Pope John Paul I. Diaconal ordination. Priestly ordination.
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Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 21 July Although Stroessner tried to prevent him from doing so, Pope John Paul II met opposition leaders in the one-party state.
By the late s the dissolution of the Soviet Union had been predicted by some observers. Nobody knew how to get rid of Communism.
In Warsaw , in , he simply said: 'Do not be afraid', and later prayed: 'Let your Spirit descend and change the image of the land … this land'.
In President Ronald Reagan opened diplomatic relations with the Vatican for the first time since In sharp contrast to the long history of strong domestic opposition, this time there was very little opposition from Congress, the courts, and Protestant groups.
Perhaps most surprisingly, the papers show that, as late as , the pope did not believe the Communist Polish government could be changed.
No one can prove conclusively that he was a primary cause of the end of communism. I would argue the historical case in three steps: without the Polish Pope, no Solidarity revolution in Poland in ; without Solidarity, no dramatic change in Soviet policy towards eastern Europe under Gorbachev; without that change, no velvet revolutions in The president read the citation that accompanied the medal, which recognised "this son of Poland" whose "principled stand for peace and freedom has inspired millions and helped to topple communism and tyranny".
In Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to humiliate John Paul II by falsely saying he had fathered an illegitimate child.
At the World Day of Prayer for Peace , held in Assisi on 27 October , more than representatives of different religions and denominations spent a day of fasting and prayer.
He said that he was disappointed by the Church of England's decision to ordain women and saw it as a step away from unity between the Anglican Communion and the Catholic Church.
He says:. It seems that those who practice them are particularly close to Christianity, and among them, the Church's missionaries also find it easier to speak a common language.
Is there, perhaps, in this veneration of ancestors a kind of preparation for the Christian faith in the Communion of Saints, in which all believers—whether living or dead—form a single community, a single body?
In , the pope visited the African country of Togo , where 60 per cent of the population espouses animist beliefs.
To honour the pope, animist religious leaders met him at a Catholic Marian shrine in the forest, much to the pontiff's delight. John Paul II proceeded to call for the need for religious tolerance, praised nature, and emphasised common elements between animism and Christianity, saying:.
Nature, exuberant and splendid in this area of forests and lakes, impregnates spirits and hearts with its mystery and orients them spontaneously toward the mystery of He who is the author of life.
It is this religious sentiment that animates you and one can say that animates all of your compatriots. Meanwhile, the pope gave Karekin the relics of St.
Gregory the Illuminator , the first head of the Armenian Church that had been kept in Naples , Italy , for years. Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral in Yerevan.
The two Church leaders signed a declaration remembering the victims of the Armenian genocide. The two men held many similar views and understood similar plights, both coming from nations affected by Communism and both serving as heads of major religious bodies.
In particular I express my highest regard for the followers of Buddhism, the majority religion in Sri Lanka, with its … four great values of … loving kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy and equanimity; with its ten transcendental virtues and the joys of the Sangha expressed so beautifully in the Theragathas.
I ardently hope that my visit will serve to strengthen the goodwill between us, and that it will reassure everyone of the Catholic Church's desire for interreligious dialogue and cooperation in building a more just and fraternal world.
To everyone I extend the hand of friendship, recalling the splendid words of the Dhammapada : "Better than a thousand useless words is one single word that gives peace This was the first time a pope had visited a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in For many years, John Paul II sought to facilitate dialogue and unity stating as early as in Euntes in mundum , "Europe has two lungs, it will never breathe easily until it uses both of them.
Christodoulos read a list of "13 offences" of the Catholic Church against the Eastern Orthodox Church since the Great Schism,  including the pillaging of Constantinople by crusaders in , and bemoaned the lack of apology from the Catholic Church, saying "Until now, there has not been heard a single request for pardon" for the "maniacal crusaders of the 13th century".
The pope responded by saying "For the occasions past and present, when sons and daughters of the Catholic Church have sinned by action or omission against their Orthodox brothers and sisters, may the Lord grant us forgiveness", to which Christodoulos immediately applauded.
They issued a 'common declaration', saying. We condemn all recourse to violence, proselytism and fanaticism , in the name of religion. The two leaders then said the Lord's Prayer together, breaking an Orthodox taboo against praying with Catholics.
The pope had said throughout his pontificate that one of his greatest dreams was to visit Russia, but this never occurred.
He attempted to solve the problems that had arisen over centuries between the Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches, and in gave them a copy of the lost icon of Our Lady of Kazan.
On 6 May , he became the first Catholic pope to enter and pray in a mosque, namely the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus , Syria. Respectfully removing his shoes, he entered the former Byzantine era Christian church dedicated to John the Baptist , who is also revered as a prophet of Islam.
He gave a speech including the statement:. He kissed the Qur'an in Syria, an act that made him popular among Muslims but that disturbed many Catholics.
He praised Mohandas Gandhi for his "unshakeable faith in God", assured the Jains that the Catholic Church will continue to engage in dialogue with their religion and spoke of the common need to aid the poor.
The Jain leaders were impressed with the pope's "transparency and simplicity", and the meeting received much attention in the Gujarat state in western India, home to many Jains.
Israeli cabinet minister Rabbi Michael Melchior , who hosted the pope's visit, said he was "very moved" by the pope's gesture.
It was beyond history, beyond memory. We are deeply saddened by the behaviour of those who in the course of history have caused these children of yours to suffer, and asking your forgiveness we wish to commit ourselves to genuine brotherhood with the people of the Covenant.
Immediately after John Paul II's death, the ADL said in a statement that he had revolutionised Catholic-Jewish relations, saying, "more change for the better took place in his year Papacy than in the nearly 2, years before.
He achieved far more in terms of transforming relations with both the Jewish people and the State of Israel than any other figure in the history of the Catholic Church.
With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. You are our dearly beloved brothers, and in a certain way, it could be said that you are our elder brothers.
In an interview with the Polish Press Agency, Michael Schudrich , chief rabbi of Poland, said that never in history did anyone do as much for Christian-Jewish dialogue as Pope John Paul II, adding that many Jews had a greater respect for the late pope than for some rabbis.
Schudrich praised John Paul II for condemning anti-Semitism as a sin, which no previous pope had done. In the stormy history of relations between Roman popes and Jews in the ghetto in which they were closed for over three centuries in humiliating circumstances, John Paul II is a bright figure in his uniqueness.
In relations between our two great religions in the new century that was stained with bloody wars and the plague of racism, the heritage of John Paul II remains one of the few spiritual islands guaranteeing survival and human progress.
In Mainz , he met with leaders of the Evangelical Church in Germany , and with representatives of other Christian denominations.
In addition to celebrating Mass with Catholic believers, he participated in ecumenical services at places that had been Catholic shrines before the Reformation: Nidaros Cathedral in Norway; near St.
The signing was a fruit of a theological dialogue that had been going on between the LWF and the Vatican since As he entered St.
On the way to the hospital, he lost consciousness. Even though the two bullets missed his mesenteric artery and abdominal aorta , he lost nearly three-quarters of his blood.
He underwent five hours of surgery to treat his wounds. Could I forget that the event in St. For in everything that happened to me on that very day, I felt that extraordinary motherly protection and care, which turned out to be stronger than the deadly bullet.
He was sentenced to life imprisonment. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust. Numerous other theories were advanced to explain the assassination attempt, some of them controversial.
One such theory, advanced by Michael Ledeen and heavily pushed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency at the time of the assassination but never substantiated by evidence, was that the Soviet Union was behind the attempt on John Paul II's life in retaliation for the pope's support of Solidarity, the Catholic, pro-democratic Polish workers' movement.
On 15 January a suicide bomber was planning to dress as a priest and detonate a bomb when the pope passed in his motorcade on his way to the San Carlos Seminary in Makati City.
The assassination was supposed to divert attention from the next phase of the operation. However, a chemical fire inadvertently started by the cell alerted police to their whereabouts, and all were arrested a week before the pope's visit, and confessed to the plot.
There is wide speculation that they were, in reality, KGB agents. John Paul II apologised to many groups that had suffered at the hands of the Catholic Church through the years.
As pope, he officially made public apologies for over wrongdoings, including:    . On 20 November , from a laptop in the Vatican, Pope John Paul II sent his first e-mail apologising for the Catholic sex abuse cases , the Church-backed " Stolen Generations " of Aboriginal children in Australia, and to China for the behaviour of Catholic missionaries in colonial times.
When he became pope in at the age of 58, John Paul II was an avid sportsman. He was extremely healthy and active, jogging in the Vatican gardens , weight training, swimming, and hiking in the mountains.
He was fond of football. The only modern pope with a fitness regimen had been Pope Pius XI — , who was an avid mountaineer. However, after over twenty-five years as pope, two assassination attempts, one of which injured him severely, and a number of cancer scares, John Paul's physical health declined.
In he was diagnosed as suffering from Parkinson's disease. Despite difficulty speaking more than a few sentences at a time, trouble hearing , and severe osteoarthrosis , he continued to tour the world although rarely walking in public.
Pope John Paul II was hospitalised with breathing problems caused by a bout of influenza on 1 February On 31 March , following a urinary tract infection ,  he developed septic shock , a form of infection with a high fever and low blood pressure , but was not hospitalised.
Instead, he was monitored by a team of consultants at his private residence. This was taken as an indication by the pope, and those close to him, that he was nearing death; it would have been in accordance with his wishes to die in the Vatican.
The day before his death, one of his closest personal friends, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka visited him at his bedside. Tens of thousands of people assembled and held vigil in St.
Peter's Square and the surrounding streets for two days. Upon hearing of this, the dying pope was said to have stated: "I have searched for you, and now you have come to me, and I thank you.
Present at the bedside was a cardinal from Ukraine, who served as a priest with John Paul in Poland, along with Polish nuns of the Congregation of the Sisters Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, who ran the papal household.
Pope John Paul II died in his private apartment at CEST UTC of heart failure from profound hypotension and complete circulatory collapse from septic shock, 46 days before his 85th birthday.
The death of the pontiff set in motion rituals and traditions dating back to medieval times. Peter's Basilica. John Paul II's testament, published on 7 April ,  revealed that the pontiff contemplated being buried in his native Poland but left the final decision to The College of Cardinals, which in passing, preferred burial beneath St.
Peter's Basilica, honouring the pontiff's request to be placed "in bare earth". The Requiem Mass held on 8 April was said to have set world records both for attendance and number of heads of state present at a funeral.
It was the single largest gathering of heads of state up to that time, surpassing the funerals of Winston Churchill and Josip Broz Tito Four kings, five queens, at least 70 presidents and prime ministers, and more than 14 leaders of other religions attended.
The alcove had been empty since John XXIII's remains had been moved into the main body of the basilica after his beatification.
Upon the death of John Paul II, a number of clergy at the Vatican and laymen    began referring to the late pontiff as "John Paul the Great" — in theory only the fourth pope to be so acclaimed.
Scholars of canon law say that there is no official process for declaring a pope "Great"; the title simply establishes itself through popular and continued usage,    as was the case with celebrated secular leaders for example, Alexander III of Macedon became popularly known as Alexander the Great.
Inspired by calls of "Santo Subito! Peter's Square. In early , it was reported that the Vatican was investigating a possible miracle associated with John Paul II.
Sister Marie Simon-Pierre , a French nun and member of the Congregation of Little Sisters of Catholic Maternity Wards, confined to her bed by Parkinson's disease,   was reported to have experienced a "complete and lasting cure after members of her community prayed for the intercession of Pope John Paul II".
During his homily , he encouraged prayers for the early canonisation of John Paul II and stated that he hoped canonisation would happen "in the near future".
Following a ceremony on 2 April —the second anniversary of the Pontiff's death—the cause proceeded to the scrutiny of the committee of lay, clerical, and episcopal members of the Vatican's Congregation for the Causes of Saints , to conduct a separate investigation.
On leaving St. Peter's Basilica, the boy told them, "I want to walk," and began walking normally. Once the second decree is signed, the positio the report on the cause, with documentation about his life and writings and with information on the cause is complete.
As Monsignor Oder said, this course would have been possible if the second decree were signed in time by Benedict XVI, stating that a posthumous miracle directly attributable to his intercession had occurred, completing the positio.
Peter's Basilica ahead of his beatification, as tens of thousands of people arrived in Rome for one of the biggest events since his funeral.
Peter's Square on 1 May Sebastian , where Pope Innocent XI was buried. Antonio Schlesinger Piedrahita, a renowned neurologist in Colombia, certified Fidel's healing.
The documentation was then sent to the Vatican office for sainthood causes. To be eligible for canonisation being declared a saint by the Catholic Church, two miracles must be attributed to a candidate.
According to an article on the Catholic News Service CNS dated 23 April , a Vatican commission of doctors concluded that a healing had no natural medical explanation, which is the first requirement for a claimed miracle to be officially documented.
The second miracle was deemed to have taken place shortly after the late pope's beatification on 1 May ; it was reported to be the healing of Costa Rican woman Floribeth Mora of an otherwise terminal brain aneurysm.
On 4 July , Pope Francis confirmed his approval of John Paul II's canonisation, formally recognising the second miracle attributed to his intercession.
About cardinals and bishops concelebrated the Mass, and at least , people attended the Mass, with an estimated , others watching from video screens placed around Rome.
It currently awaits the approval from the Holy See to open the diocesan phase of the cause. John Paul II was widely criticised for a variety of his views, including his opposition to the ordination of women and use of contraception ,   his support for the Second Vatican Council and its reform of the liturgy , and his response to child sexual abuse within the Church.
John Paul II was criticised by representatives of the victims of clergy sexual abuse  for failing to respond quickly enough to the Catholic sex abuse crisis.
In his response, he stated that "there is no place in the priesthood and religious life for those who would harm the young.
In April , John Paul II, despite being frail from Parkinson's disease, summoned all the American cardinals to the Vatican to discuss possible solutions to the issue of sexual abuse in the American Church.
He asked them to "diligently investigate accusations". John Paul II suggested that American bishops be more open and transparent in dealing with such scandals and emphasised the role of seminary training to prevent sexual deviance among future priests.
In what The New York Times called "unusually direct language", John Paul condemned the arrogance of priests that led to the scandals:. Priests and candidates for the priesthood often live at a level both materially and educationally superior to that of their families and the members of their own age group.
It is therefore very easy for them to succumb to the temptation of thinking of themselves as better than others. When this happens, the ideal of priestly service and self-giving dedication can fade, leaving the priest dissatisfied and disheartened.
The pope read a statement intended for the American cardinals, calling the sex abuse "an appalling sin" and said the priesthood had no room for such men.
The panel of experts overwhelmingly opposed implementation of policies of "zero-tolerance" such as was proposed by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.
One expert called such policies a "case of overkill" since they do not permit flexibility to allow for differences among individual cases. Law had previously resigned as archbishop of Boston in in response to the Catholic Church sexual abuse cases after Church documents were revealed that suggested he had covered up sexual abuse committed by priests in his archdiocese.
However, Maciel's trial began in during the pontificate of John Paul II, but the Pope died before it ended and the conclusions were known. And he was accused repeatedly of taking a soft hand with them, especially in the case of Marcial Maciel , founder of the Legion of Christ.
Pope John Paul was alleged to have links with Banco Ambrosiano , an Italian bank that collapsed in Ambrosiano also provided funds for political parties in Italy, and for both the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua and its Sandinista opposition.
It has been widely alleged that the Vatican Bank provided money for Solidarity in Poland. Calvi used his complex network of overseas banks and companies to move money out of Italy, to inflate share prices, and to arrange massive unsecured loans.
In , the Bank of Italy produced a report on Ambrosiano that predicted future disaster. In addition to all the criticism from those demanding modernisation, some Traditionalist Catholics denounced him as well.
These issues included demanding a return to the Tridentine Mass  and repudiation of the reforms instituted after the Second Vatican Council, such as the use of the vernacular language in the formerly Latin Roman Rite Mass, ecumenism , and the principle of religious liberty.
Pius X , was excommunicated under John Paul II because of the unapproved ordination of four bishops, which Cardinal Ratzinger called a "schismatic act".
The World Day of Prayer for Peace ,  with a meeting in Assisi, Italy, in , in which the pope prayed only with the Christians,  was criticised for giving the impression that syncretism and indifferentism were openly embraced by the Papal Magisterium.
When a second 'Day of Prayer for Peace in the World'  was held, in , it was condemned as confusing the laity and compromising to false religions.
Likewise criticised was his kissing  of the Qur'an in Damascus, Syria, on one of his travels on 6 May John Paul the Great argued that the proper way to prevent the spread of AIDS was not condoms, but rather, "correct practice of sexuality, which presupposes chastity and fidelity.
There was strong criticism of the pope for the controversy surrounding the alleged use of charitable social programmes as a means of converting people in the Third World to Catholicism.
Augusto Pinochet's military regime The thirty-two-year friendship and occasional academic collaboration lasted until his death.
Writers Carl Bernstein , the veteran investigative journalist of the Watergate scandal , and Vatican expert Marco Politi, were the first journalists to talk to Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka in the s about her importance in John Paul's life.
They interviewed her and dedicated 20 pages to her in their book His Holiness. How could I fall in love with a middle-aged clergyman?
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